As concerns the conflict in Belarus, the untold truth is that it has a strong ethnolinguistic basis. The opponents to Lukashenko are speakers of Bielorussian, a very particular language with polymorphic influences that I have a lot of difficulties to understand but the influences of Poland, of the Teutonic order and of the Baltic languages are pregnant so far as I know (please reply if you know more). There was after 1945 a deconstruction of local ethnicities by the USSR with the systematic deportation to break local groups that creates a particularly intertwinned map of Bielorusian vs. Russian speakers. That period was also the progressive destruction of what remained of the Bielorusian Jews (in continuation of the Nazis – regarding the USSR and Jews, the destruction happens mostly under Nikita Khruschchev but in Belarus it seems it was already done by the end of the 40s according to all the existing data). The Bielorusian speakers are also tendencially Catholic, as opposed to Russian speakers in Belarus. There are hence two countries. But the destruction done by the USSR (as Communists systematically destroyed all local roots of peoples) has to be healed.
The partition in two of the country through Minsk – like Jerusalem – answers the conflict and allows each ethnolinguistic group to have its own State, the east under the Russian flag, the west under the white-red-white flag and the presidency of Svetlana Tsikhanovskaya. A diagonal slice of the current state north-west to south-east and after the establishment of that border a free-trade agreement are needed, as well as the maintaining of the direct train line to Kaliningrad from the Russian side.
As concerns Donbass as well the ethnolinguistic situation is key but it’s well known already. Let’s quote the Carnegie Endowment on Crimea…
I wonder if many noticed how the full conflict zone superposes with the area that went for Nestor Makhno 100 years ago. The anarchocommunist Nestor Makhno fought both Austria-Hungary and the Bolsheviks to ensure peasants’ rights together with a large group of supporters. Makhno missed an understanding of property rights and of how they allow communication. Did Ludwig von Mises publish Socialism as reaction to Makhno’s failure ? It’s possible.
There is in my opinion a continental area that reaches through Luhansk to Dniepropetrovsk and Kharkiv that is culturally Russian, but the seashore is fully Ukrainian up to beyond Mariupol, to Kholodne. The two languages, Ukrainian and Russian have a pronounciation that is different and the names are clearly Ukrainian along the seashore, Russian in the continental area. The southern suburbs of Donetsk are the passing point for a border which goes to Dniepropetrovsk (a city that can be divided in two easily thanks to the Dniepr, serving as trade gate & “Checkpoint Charlie”) and then straight north.
Crimea and the nearby areas (that southern shore, south of Donetsk) should be turned into a tampon anarchocapitalist area (“state”) with just a small militia with rotating noncompulsory membership for police and self defense purposes, an area open to trade, which needs trade actually since it is poor in natural resources, but of very low natural radioactivity. The Azov Battalions’ flag is already yellow and black. Some say the particular sign they use is “nazi”. It’s not nazi but a traditional sign related to Koliada. The list of Waffen-SS flags that includes it also includes the double-headed eagle that is the Russian emblem nowadays. And it’s actually just after I pointed that to some side that a truce was found. Elements from all local backgrounds speaking southwestern Russian dialects (like Nestor Makhno himself) or Ukrainian would settle in this area of free market with no possibility to constrain others to make decisions through administrative tools – no ability to trample on others’ individual will. Even the militia membership: it has to be fully voluntary. Private property is the answer together with frequent assemblies of the people for votes that should work only through unanimity. It’s the area that went under Nestor Makhno’s flag 100 years ago. Anarchocapitalism is the answer to the moral problems of anarchocommunists.